The Cultural Monuments 
of Tibet's Outer Provinces

KHAM
Volume 2. The Qinghai Part of Kham



by

Andreas Gruschke
 




In preparation:

«The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: 
Kham (Eastern Tibet)»

erscheint in drei Bänden im White Lotus Verlag
to be published in three volumes at White Lotus Press, 2004/2007
Vol. 1: The Xizang Part of Kham (TAR)__55,- Euro
Vol. 2: The Qinghai Part of Kham_66,- Euro
Vol. 3: The Sichuan and Yunnan Parts of Kham_not yet available

Contact and information:
White Lotus Press 
11/2 Soi 58, Sukhumvit Road, Bangkok 10250, Thailand 
Tel. (662) 332-4915, (662) 741-6288/9 
Fax (662) 311-4575, (662) 741-6287 

 




General outline of:

The Cultural Monuments of Tibet's Outer Provinces
Kham

ISBN 974-4800-61-5  (Vol. 2)
[ISBN-Nummer in Deutschland 3-89155-314-5 (German ISBN)]

Kham in the Tibeto-Chinese borderlands is not - as many believe - just some bigger lamaseries along the old China-Lhasa trade routes, with Chamdo and some minor monasteries far from the heartland of Tibetan culture. This detailed survey of The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces quickly reveals that Tibetan culture is neither extinct in Tibet proper nor in the outer provinces of Amdo and Kham. Their inhabitants’ accomplishments in rebuilding monasteries, restructuring the economy and revitalizing the traditional way of life are among the most fascinating recent events in Asia. Thus the author of this work takes it as his expression of admiration and respect for what Tibetans have accomplished within the last decades. 

Until now, east Tibet has not been thoroughly researched, not to speak of comprehensively documented or presented. Areas being part of what is called east Tibet, however, make up a major share of the Tibetan high plateau, accounting to some two thirds of its huge surface. So it was high time to work out a survey of Tibet’s cultural monuments and to elaborate the specific features of historical monuments of the eastern part of the Tibetan Plateau—with special reference to its culture, history, tribal and ethnic variety. 

Andreas Gruschke has visited and thoroughly documented—often for the first time—many of the unknown sites in Amdo and Kham, among them highly active monastic establishments with hundreds or even thousands of monks, or hidden treasures of Tibet's living and revitalized Buddhist tradition. In presenting this study of the cultural monuments in northeastern and eastern Tibet, he covered a variety of historical, economic or religio-philosophical aspects in order to explain and evaluate the differences and the common features within the Tibetan cultural context. It includes detailed descriptions of the current situation of the sites and, to a lesser extent, of the society. 

The wealth of materials has made it both necessary and awarding to publish several volumes dealing with the historical monuments of east Tibet - with the first two presenting the fascinating world of east Tibetans in Kham: vol. 1 on those parts administratively belonging to Qinghai and the Tibet Autonomous Region (Xizang Zizhiqu) and vol. 2 on the Ynnan and Sichuan Parts of Kham. 



ñññ




The Cultural Monuments of Tibet's Outer Provinces. 
Kham. Volume 2. The Qinghai Part of Kham   is the second of three volumes presenting the fascinating world of east Tibet's historical and cultural monuments. The author's original studies reveal that Tibetan culture is thriving. Tibetans have rebuilt their economy and revitalized their traditional way of life. East Tibet has not until now been thoroughly researched although it comprises about two-thirds of the Tibetan Plateau. It is astounding, therefore, that the West knows hardly anything about it. This book provides interested readers with comprehensive information about unknown sites in Amdo, which are fascinating and puzzling, as well as their role in history.

This second volume on Kham ...




Contents of:
An outline of the contents of the second volume:
 

The Cultural Monuments of Tibet's Outer Provinces
Kham
Volume 2. The Qinghai Part of Kham

List of Maps .........................................................................................................viii 
List of Plates ..........................................................................................................ix 
List of Colour Photos ..............................................................................................x 
Foreword ............................................................................................................xvii 

List of Abbreviations ............................................................................................xxii 

Introductory Notes 

Introduction to Tibet’s Outer Provinces in the east (Amdo and Kham)
Part 1. Eastern Tibet: settlement pattern and administrative division 
Part 2. Kham 
P 2.1. Historic Polities and traditional division of Kham 
P 2.2. Derivation and meaning of the toponym ‘Kham’ 
P 2.3. A historical sketch of Tibet’s Kham region 
 

The Qinghai part of Kham - the far north

1. Jyekundo - Red Hats' centre in the north of Kham
 
1.1. Döndrub Ling Monastery of Jyekundo 
1.2. Monasteries in the outskirts of Jyekundo 
 1.2.1 Gyana Mani 
 1.2.2 Domkar Gompa 
 1.2.3 Trangu Gompa 

1.3. Rock temples and images in the Bikhog Gorge 
 1.3.1. Mahavairocana Temple of Princess Wencheng 
 1.3.2. Dölma Dragtsha 
 1.3.3. Rock images in Lebkhog valley 
1.4. Phagpa’s legacy in the Thrindu area 
 1.4.1. Drubgyü Ling 
 1.4.2. Karsang Peljor Ling 
 1.4.3. Dongtre Monastery in Druchung 
 1.4.4. Shewu Dogön Monastery 
 1.4.5. Sebda Gompa 
 1.4.6. Lab Gompa 
 1.4.7. Serkar Ranglug Rabten Monastery 
1.5. Along the upper Yangtse River 
 1.5.1. Jagla Rinchen Monastery 
 1.5.2. Drombu Gompa 
 1.5.3. Tharlam Namgyal Ling 
 1.5.4. Dzonyag Chörten 
 1.5.5. Pelchung Anye 
 1.5.6. Ancho Bum Gön 
 1.5.7. Gelugpa lamaseries reverring the Drigungpa 
 1.5.8. Pangshar Monastery 
 1.5.9. Chumarleb's Sharu Gompa
2. Gyahor
2.1. Dritö - the ‘upper Yangtse’ county 
2.1.1. Gönsar - a unique aspiring Gelugpa institution in Dritö’s vast grasslands 
2.1.2. The monumental chörten and hall of Kelsang Gyatsho 
2.1.3. Ganden Shedrub Chöpel Ling 
2.2. Dzatö - Monastic life between the Mekong headwaters 
2.2.1. Si Gön 
2.2.2. Dzogchen Monastery of Dzatö 
2.3. The Barompa - recollection of a minor school of the Kagyüpa order 
2.3.1. Banag Monastery - Dzatö’s last Barom-Kagyüpa institution 
2.3.2. Gewuna Gompa - a lamasery on continual move
3. Nangchen - a Tibetan sphere of its own 
3.1. The old Nangchen kingdom 
3.1.1. Historical development of the Nangchen area 
3.1.2. The authority of the Nangchen kings 
3.1.3. Secular monuments in Nangchen 
3.2. The monastic realm of Nangchen 
3.3. Tana Sengge Nam Dzong - the ‘Monastery of Ling’ 
3.4. Tsongda Gompa 
3.5. Seat of the late royal rule - Tshebcu Monastery 
3.5.1. Nangchen’s mani mounds and their protective quality 
3.6. A sketch survey of Nangchen’s monastic mosaic 
3.6.1. Pelme Monastery 
3.6.2. Lhomeyel Gompa 
3.6.3. Goche Gompa 
3.6.4. Geca Ge Gompa Dzamo Gompa 
3.6.5. Ganden Gompa 
3.6.6. The former Shangpas of Rabjor 
3.6.7. The Karma-Kagyüpa’s minor role in Nangchen 
3.7. The Surmang monastic complex 
3.7.1. Surmang Namgyaltse 
3.7.2. Surmang Dütsi Til 
3.3. The Barompa complex of northern Nangchen 
3.3.1. Nangchen’s major Barompa monastery - Chodrag Gompa 
3.3.2. Dzamo Gompa 
3.3.3. Other Barom-Kagyüpa lamaseries in Nangchen 
3.9. Important Buddhist relics of Peltsha and Shorda areas
4. Other noted monasteries of northern Kham (Yushu TAP)
4.1 Lamaseries in Thrindu county 
4.1.1 Kana Gompa 
4.1.2. Shedzong Gompa 
4.2 Variant monasteries in Yushu county 
4.2.1. Panchen Gompa 
4.2.2. Lungshö Gompa 
4.2.3. Thra Öde Chennyi Ling 
4.2.4. Ladro Samdrub Lhaden Chökhor Ling 
4.2.5. Do Monastery
5. Particular cultural relics of the north Kham region
5.1 The fortified architecture of Ancho community 
5.2 Stone sutra wall of northern Kham 
5.3 Gesar relics and his palace 
5.4 Traditional bridge construction in western Kham 
5.4.1. Thangtong Gyälpo and the iron chain bridge in Samkha 
5.4.2 Traditional style cantilever bridges in Tibet 
5.4.3 Chi Chu cantilever bridges in northwest Kham 
5.4.3.1. The Wehukha bridge of southern Nangchen 
5.4.3.2. The Urag bridge in northern Riwoche county 
5.4.4. Simple examples of cantilever bridges in western Kham

Notes 
Bibliography 
Glossary
Index - mini gazetteer 

ISBN 974-4800-61-5
Deutsche ISBN 3-89155-314-5
336 pages
200 colour photos
120 plates 
27 maps



The Cultural Monuments of Tibet's Outer Provinces
Kham

by Andreas Gruschke 

The Cultural Monuments of Tibet's Outer Provinces
Kham
Volume 1. The Xizang Part of Kham (TAR)

Volume 2. The Qinghai Part of Kham
Volume 3. The Sichuan and Yunnan Parts of Kham



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

You want to travel to Kham?
We can recommend one of our friends, who is really an expert for Tibetan regions and who helped me a lot during my research:

Hua Qing of WestEast Tours
Email: wetours@gmail.com
h_qingcn@yahoo.com.cn
If you want quality, don't expect him to be the cheapest. 
If you don't want quality, you should rather travel elsewhere!
Andreas Gruschke..........

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


ISBN 974-4800-61-5

Order now  -  bestellen Sie hier!



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



ñññ


Reviews/

Rezensionen


R 2-1 Wer es versucht, sich anhand der verfügbaren und gängigen Literatur über Tibet, von den Einführungen in Reiseführern über Ausstellungs- und Sammlungskataloge bis zu kunsthistorischen Monographien, ganz allgemein zu informieren, gelangt wohl zu dem Ergebnis, es gäbe eine einheitliche Geschichte und Kunstgeschichte Tibets. Weit gefehlt. Die Wirklichkeit ist vielmehr äußerst kompliziert. Das fängt schon mit der Frage an, was Tibet eigentlich ist. ...
... weiter auf der Originalseite (hier klicken)
Nur wenig von Forschern und Entdeckern besucht, waren weite Teile Khams bis vor gar nicht langer Zeit weiße Flecken auf den Karten Tibets. Das hat sich nun drastisch geändert und daran hat Andreas Gruschke, der deutsche Ethnograph, Geograph und Sinologe wesentlichen Anteil. Nach seinen beiden Bänden über das nördlich von Kham gelegene Amdo und dem ersten Band der Kham-Trilogie, der den in der Autonomen Region Tibet gelegenen Landesteil beschreibt, liegt nun der Band über denjenigen Teil Khams vor, der in der Provinz Qinghai liegt. Die unbedingt lesenswerte Einleitung ist, wenn auch mit anderen historischen Fotos versehen, ...
... weiter auf der Originalseite (hier klicken)
Es gilt, was schon für den Kham-Band 1 gesagt wurde: Wer sich je auf die beschwerliche Reise in diesen Teil Khams aufmacht, für den ist das neue Buch Gruschkes schlicht unentbehrlich. Ja mehr noch als das: War ein Besuch dieser Region bisher eine schwer planbare Reise ins Ungewisse, so liegt nun ein Kunst- und Kulturführer vor, der zugleich Anreger und Begleiter für ein solches Vorhaben ist. Band 3 wird mit Spannung erwartet.

Michael Buddeberg, August 2005
http://www.preetoriusstiftung.de/

Browse through the pages of comments and reviews
of the Amdo volumes !

 

What customers think of my books...
[Note: the contents of the respective mails published here were done so with kind permission of the senders. Thank you.] 
WK 1 Lieber Herr Gruschke
Die Bücher sind heute schon eingetroffen. Herzlichen Dank für die schnelle Lieferung und das nette Geschenk. Der Druck des Textes ist jetzt sehr gut! Bin ganz glücklich, dass ich diesen Band noch erhalten habe, verläuft doch meine bevorstehende Reise auch durch dieses Gebiet. ... Bitte informieren Sie mich, wenn der 3. Band von Kham veröffentlich wird.
Mit freundlichen Grüssen
Franz Weingartner
fraweing@bluewin.ch
Diegten, Schweiz
Mittwoch, 23. März 2005 16:24
WK 2 Hallo Andreas !
Gerade war der Osterhase da !! Nein, er kommt heutzutage nicht mehr klammheimlich in der Osternacht, sondern am hellichten Tage in einem gelben Auto, auf dem "La Poste" steht ! Er bringt auch (zum Glück!) keine kalorienschwere Schoggi, sondern Bücher !!!
Herzlichen Dank für die schnelle Lieferung und ganz besonderes Dank für die Zugabe !!
Der Kham-Band ist wieder sehr schön geworden ! Herzlichen Glückwunsch dazu!!
Viele Grüsse aus der vorsommerlichen Zentralschweiz
Helga Kraft
helga.kraft@bluewin.ch
Steinhausen, Schweiz
Donnerstag, 24. März 2005 11:45
WK 3 Das Buch ist soeben eingetroffen. Schneller Blick ... die Bilder sehen wunderschön aus!
Mit freundlichen Grüßen
Henk van Velden 
henk.vanvelden@xs4all.nl
Voorburg, Niederlande
Donnerstag, 24. März 2005 10:14
WK 4 I'd like to receive a copy of this book [Kham 2], part of the wonderful collection of books on Eastern Tibet.
Best wishes

Mika Sillanpää
Mikkeli, Finland
Dienstag, 29. März 2005 12:45

WK 5 Dear Andreas,

Congratulations on bringing out another volume of the Cultural Monuments Series. I fear you will die young if you keep working at this pace. I have obtained the latest volume from Michael Henss. As far as its contents are concerned: I thought I knew something about Tibet, but it turns out that my reading is more concentrated on the frontier lands. Many things in your present volume were completely new to me, not to mention the gorgeous photographs. Once again: Proficiat.
All the best

Wim van Spengen
Holland
Mittwoch, 30. März 2005 11:07

WK 6 Dear Andreas,

Many thanks for the fantastic book! Could you also send Kham vol 1 to the same address? Many thanks in advance!!!
Best regards,

Mika
Mika Sillanpää
Mikkeli, Finland
Mittwoch, 6. April 2005 10:18

WK 7 Hello Andreas!

The book arrived yesterday, and I have just picked it up at the post office. Looks promising (and as a keen photographer I really also appreciate the many excellent photos)!!
Best regards

Jørgen Johanson
Oslo, Norway
Friday, 19. August 2005 13:47

Browse through the pages of comments and reviews
of the Amdo volumes !


Contact and information:
White Lotus Publishers 
11/2 Soi 58, Sukhumvit Road, Bangkok 10250, Thailand 
Tel. (662) 332-4915, (662) 741-6288-9 / Fax (662) 311-4575, (662)741-6287 


 
«The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: 
(Northeastern and Eastern Tibet)»

Already published:

«The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: 
Amdo» (Northeastern Tibet)

in zwei Bänden im White Lotus Verlag
published in two volumes at White Lotus Publishers, Bangkok 2001

Vol. 1 - The Qinghai Part of Amdo
published in June 2001
306 pages, 202 colour photos, 23 plates, 12 sketch maps
ISBN 974-7534-59-2 [Deutsche ISBN 3-89155-311-0]
Price in Europe:  55,- Euro
336 pages, 200 colour photos, 120 plates, 27 maps

Order form - Bestellformular

 
Vol. 2 - The Gansu and Sichuan Parts of Amdo
published in autumn 2001
284 pages, 191 colour photos, 23 plates, 12 sketch maps
ISBN 974-7534-90-3 [Deutsche ISBN 3-89155-312-9]
Price in Europe:  55,- Euro

Order form - Bestellformular

«The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: 
Kham» (Southeastern Tibet)

in drei Bänden im White Lotus Verlag
published in thre volumes at White Lotus Publishers, Bangkok 2004 f.

Vol. 1 - The TAR Part of Kham (Western Kham)
(Tibet Autonomous Region - Xizang)
published in April 2004
346 pages, 198 colour photos, 123 plates, 45 maps
ISBN 974-4800-49-6 [Deutsche ISBN 3-89155-313-7]
Price in Europe:  55,- Euro

Order form - Bestellformular

Vol. 2 - The Qinghai Part of Kham (Northern Kham)
(Yushu Autonomous Prefecture)
was just published in March 2005
336 pages, 200 colour photos, 120 plates, 27 maps
ISBN 974-4800-61-5 [Deutsche ISBN 3-89155-314-5]
Price in Europe:  66,- Euro

Order form - Bestellformular


 
 
 
 



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 




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